List of Treatments
- Special Care Dentistry
- Teeth cleaning
- Tooth decay
- Pulp therapy or RCT
- Unerupeted tooth
- Gum enlargements
- Mouth ulcers
- Space maintainers
- Early caries detection
- Early childhood caries
- Habit breaking appliance
- Preventive orthodontics
- Management of special children ( autism , mentally challenged)
- Caries prevention
- Kids dental education
- Diet counseling
Primary teeth also called as baby teeth are as important as permanent teeth or adult teeth. Apart from serving necessary functions like chewing and speaking, these teeth have a very important purpose they act as placeholders for the permanent teeth that will follow later. They save space and set the foundation for healthy permanent teeth. Taking good care of them is therefore to ensure that the teeth which will come later are healthy. Our clinic provides all pediatric treatments for children in a delightful, fun and friendly atmosphere.
Preventive dentistry for children means education and treatment devoted to prevent tooth decay and gum diseases. Involvement of parents in this regard is of primary importance. They have to work in tandem with the dentists to ensure their children’s teeth and gums remain healthy. Regular check-ups and prevention can reduce dental problems and tedious treatments later. Studies have shown that children with health mouths tend to eat better, have a good general health, perform better at school and develop good social skills. Preventive dentistry includes following components: brushing, dental cleanings, fluoride treatment, sealants, regular check-ups, parent involvement and proper diet.
Brushing: Teeth need to be brushed twice a day, once in the morning and once at night before going to bed. Always use a soft brush and toothpastes which contain fluoride. Brushing needs to be monitored by parents to make sure that all the surfaces are cleaned well. Replace brushes every three to four months. For toddlers and infants, a piece of wet gauze should be used to wipe the teeth and gum pads.
Dental Cleaning: Cleaning is removal of build-up of tartar and plaque from the teeth before polishing. After cleaning, children are also taught the right method to brush and floss. This should be ideally done every six months and can be clubbed with your regular dental check-ups. Getting this procedure done periodically prevents the accumulation of tartar in the mouth and helps in maintain proper oral hygiene.
Fluoride Treatment: this is commonly given to children as their teeth are developing and are more prone to cavities or decay. If your child has had cavities earlier, then a fluoride treatment is recommended to promote remineralization. Even though fluoridated toothpastes are available, fluorides should be given every six months to provide protection against decay.
Sealants: these are mostly used for permanent teeth as a preventive measure against cavities. The first permanent teeth come around six years of age and this is the time when sealants are prescribed to reduce the risk of decay by nearly half. A white resin material is flowed onto the chewing surface of teeth which seals off the pits and fissures and creates a smooth surface. The food slides off and does not get stuck there and thus cavities are prevented.
Oral Habits: Many children develop a lot of oral habits like thumb and lip sucking, tongue thrusting and clenching of teeth. Most of these habits end by the time the child becomes older. Sometimes these habits continue even when permanent teeth have started erupting. Then these could result in malocclusions like protrusion and shifting of teeth and may even cause speech impairment. Teeth clenching may cause wearing away of teeth and the child may also develop pain the jaws. Parents are advised not to scold the child and try to find out the issue which is affecting the child that is causing them to stick onto these habits. Sometimes rewarding the child to leave the habit may have a positive result. In other cases parents should consult a dentist and seek out appropriate treatment.
Cavities: Tooth decay is a condition commonly seen in young children. It tends to spread fast and is progressive in nature. Decay happens when there is interaction between bacteria present on the teeth and sugar present in our diet. This interaction causes an acid to be produced which destroys the surface of the teeth and decay starts. Treatment for this is to remove the decay and fill it with tooth coloured filling. In some severe cases, root canal treatment might be needed to save the tooth.
Nursing Bottle Caries: Also known as “baby bottle decay”, this condition arises when a bottle filled with milk or juice comes in contact with baby teeth for a prolonged period mostly at nights. Not all of the liquid is taken in by the infant and most of it pools inside the mouth. The bacteria present in the mouth interact with the sugars, produce acid and causes decay. This syndrome mostly attacks the upper front teeth and because of continuous use of bottle at night spreads very rapidly. Parents are hence told not to feed the children with milk during their sleep. Instead fill the bottles with plain water.
Tooth ColouredFillings: These are white fillings which look natural in appearance and are used to repair and restore damaged by decay. These can also be used to treat fractured and damaged teeth. Fillings should be done to prevent further damage to the tooth. White fillings can be of two types â€“ composites and glass ionomer cement. Composites are used to restore front teeth which are decayed or fractured. These give a very natural appearance and last for a long time. Glass ionomer cements are used to treat back teeth because they have good strength. Restoring with this cement does not require the tooth to be drilled extensively so it is preferred in children. It bonds well to the tooth and releases fluoride which prevents further decay.
Root Canal Treatment: Sometimes the decay in a baby tooth spreads to the nerve and causes pain to the child. In such cases, a root canal is advised to save the tooth. In this procedure, the infected nerve is removed and then sealed to protect it from further damage. Depending on which tooth and how deep is the infection the dentist either removes the entire nerve (pulpectomy) and refills the canals or remove just the top part of the infected nerve and leave the healthy portion in the canal (pulpotomy). This procedure is done to save the baby teeth which are the foundation for permanent teeth.
Stainless Steel Crowns: Crowns are used to restore where the decay is large and just a filling will not suffice. Stainless steel crowns are used to protect badly decayed primary back teeth whereas white coloured or cellulose crowns are used to restore front teeth. Crowns are also used to protect teeth after a root canal treatment has been done.
Extractions: In some cases extractions of baby teeth need to be done. This is only done when the damage is irreparable like in severe infections where even root canal treatment will not help. Space maintainers are then used to preserve that space for permanent teeth. In some children some baby teeth are extracted for orthodontic treatment to treat malocclusions.
Space Maintainers: Primary teeth have a very important function which is to act as placeholders for permanent teeth. Each of the baby tooth acts as a guide for the corresponding adult tooth which will come later. If the primary tooth is lost due to any reason, then adjacent teeth drift towards that empty space, so permanent tooth cannot come in that space or it may come incorrectly into the mouth. A space maintainer is therefore used to protect and hold that space for the adult tooth so that when the time comes, it can erupt correctly into the space meant for it.