List of Treatments
- invisible Orthodontics
- Removable appliance
- Fixed … metal Braces , ceramic braces
- Esthetic … lingual Braces , Invisalign , Clear aligners
What is meant by dental braces?
Also known as orthodontic braces and braces, dental braces of various types are used to straighten and position the teeth in orthodontics. Dental braces help greatly in maintaining the oral health as well as aligning the bite.
What are the symptoms or signs that dental braces are needed?
There are many signs and symptoms as there are different types of dental misalignments which an orthodontist can rectify such as teeth which are crowded, under bite where the lower teeth protrude beyond the upper teeth and open bite where the alignment of the front teeth in the upper jaw does not synchronize or sit evenly with the teeth on the lower jaw. With various types of dental misalignments, an orthodontist will use dental braces in cases of over bite or teeth which protrude or jut out, malocclusions, cross bites, lateral incisors that are missing, deep bites and teeth that have gaps in between. Braces are also used for cosmetic and structural purposes which the orthodontist may use to widen the palate or the jaws besides shaping the jaws and the teeth.
When is it necessary to see an orthodontist for orthodontic treatment?
There are many dental irregularities which an orthodontist can correct or rectify so that the facial features look better such as lips that do not close normally, crowded teeth and protruding teeth. Orthodontic treatment is needed when the upper and lower jaws are improperly aligned the food cannot be chewed in the proper way and results in damage to the teeth as the adjacent teeth are pressurized with weakened gums, worn out enamel and teeth loss. If orthodontic treatment is not done, problems would be caused by irregular teeth with improper and irregular brushing with this leading to cavities and gum diseases with the teeth falling out over a period of time. Gaps in the teeth can cause problems with speech with the fact that orthodontic treatment is the best solution for dental irregularities as orthodontists can correct the size or the position of the jaws offering the patient a chance to look and feel good.
When do children need an orthodontic consultation?
By the age of six, children can be taken for an orthodontic consultation with a follow up visit once in six months. The orthodontist can correct any dental or jaw problem at the right time if it is evident or if there are any dental irregularities such as teeth problems or if the lower jaw has grown beyond the required limit. An orthodontic consultation is very necessary for correction of the impairment/s while the child is still in the development stage rather than waiting for a later period when the problem would get worse.
Is there an age limit for the treatment of orthodontic irregularities?
No, the age factor does not matter and people of any age can go in for orthodontic treatment provided that their teeth, bone and gums are in a good and healthy condition.
What are the procedures for orthodontic treatment?
The first consultation involves checking the patient’s oral cavity that ranges over the condition and the functioning of the teeth, jaws and face. The medical history of the patient is noted and recorded. The orthodontist would start the first appointment by describing the procedure to the patient and the family with computer animations, models and photographs. The patient has to go in for X-rays that would be the base for diagnosing the condition and for treatment planning that would be customized. At the second appointment, the time duration and the fee structure would be discussed with a detailed examination of the X-rays. If the patient is in accordance with the discussions, the appointments would be fixed for the orthodontic treatment.
How long does an orthodontic treatment take?
Varying in accordance with the patient’s needs, the orthodontic treatment would depend on the procedures that are needed for the teeth and/or the jaws. Backed by strong experience, years of study and the latest technology, the orthodontist would facilitate the customized procedures that are needed with the fixed braces taking a time period of 1-2 years when the permanent teeth have grown with little or no problems with the jaws. Orthodontic treatment for children who are in the growing stage would take 3-4 years to correct jaw problems or irregularities. Orthodontic treatment for jaw correction is done in two stages. The first stage involves the orthodontist using appliances to modify the growth and at the second stage, fixed braces would be placed to position the teeth in their respective places.
Ceramic braces are the same size and shape as metal braces, except that they have tooth-colored or clear brackets that blend in to teeth. Some even use tooth-colored wires to be even less noticeable.
Pros: Less noticeable than metal braces; move teeth much faster than clear aligners
Cons: More expensive than metal braces; Brackets can stain easily if patients don’t care for them well
Lingual braces are the same as traditional metal braces, except that the brackets and wires are placed on the inside of teeth.
Pros: Invisible from outside
Cons: Difficult to clean; more expensive; not appropriate for severe cases; can be more uncomfortable at first; regular adjustments take longer and are more difficult than with traditional braces
Clear aligners consists of a series of 18 to 30 custom-made, mouth guard-like clear plastic aligners. The aligners are removable and are replaced every 2 weeks.
Pros: Almost invisible; Patients can eat and drink whatever they want
Cons: Will not work as well for serious dental problems; only available for adults and teens, not children; more expensive option; can be easily lost and costly to replace; treatment may potentially take longer in some cases.